The adrenal glands naturally produce cortisol, which is a hormone that regulates the immune system and sugar metabolism. In the body, cortisol is also a potent anti-inflammatory agent, so researchers figured out how to produce it synthetically and use it as an anti-inflammatory medication. When cortisol is synthetically produced for use as a medication, it’s called cortisone.
What health conditions are treated with cortisone injections?
Delivering cortisone in the form of an injection is beneficial because it goes directly into the precise area that’s injured and can quickly begin reducing inflammation. Cortisone is usually injected together with a local anesthetic, so you get immediate relief pain relief from the anesthetic and long-term anti-inflammatory action from the cortisone. As cortisone relieves inflammation, pain also diminishes.
Cortisone injections are often used in joints following an injury, especially the knee, elbow, shoulder, ankle, and wrist joints. They’re also effective for rheumatoid arthritis, tendinitis, bursitis, psoriatic arthritis, gout, and plantar fasciitis.
What should you know about side effects?
Be sure to tell Dr. Lebowitqz if you have diabetes, an active infection, or a bleeding disorder, because cortisone injections can worsen those conditions. You may have slight swelling around the injection site, which can be treated with ice. Otherwise, short-term side effects are uncommon and long-term problems only develop if you get too many injections.
*Individual results may vary